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BEIRUT: Lebanon’s Hezbollah has used an expanded arsenal in ongoing hostilities with Israel, with leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah saying in a speech on Wednesday that the Iran-backed group had obtained new weapons.
He did not identify the new weapons, but said they would “appear on the ground.”
Hezbollah’s latest conflict with Israel, which ran alongside the Gaza war, has raised concerns of further escalation between the regional foes, who last fought a major war in 2006.
Here is a snapshot of Hezbollah’s arsenal:

Hezbollah’s military might is supported by more than 150,000 missiles and rockets of various types and ranges, according to the US Central Intelligence Agency’s World Factbook.
Hezbollah says it has missiles that can hit all areas of Israel. Many of them are unguided, but it also has precision missiles, drones, and anti-tank, anti-aircraft, and anti-ship missiles.
Hezbollah’s main backer and arms supplier is Iran. Analysts say Tehran is sending weapons to the group by land through Iraq and Syria, both Middle Eastern countries where Iran has close ties and influence. Many of the Shia Muslim group’s weapons are Iranian, Russian or Chinese designs.
Nasrallah said that in 2021 the group has 100,000 fighters. The CIA World Factbook says that in 2022 it was estimated to have up to 45,000 fighters, split between about 20,000 full-time personnel and 25,000 reserve personnel.

Hezbollah used anti-tank guided missiles extensively in the 2006 war. It has deployed guided missiles again in recent hostilities. Among them is the Russian-made Kornet.
Hezbollah also used an Iranian-made guided missile known as “al-Mas,” according to a report by pro-Iranian Arab broadcaster Al-Mayadeen.
A report by Israel’s Alma Research and Education Center published in April described the Al-Mas as an anti-tank weapon that can hit targets beyond the line of sight by following an arcing trajectory, allowing it to strike from above.
The missile is part of a family of weapons reverse-engineered by Iran based on Israel’s Spike missile family, the report said. He said the missile was a “flagship product” of Iran’s defense industry in Hezbollah’s possession.
Hezbollah said on June 6 that it shot down an Israeli warplane. A source familiar with its arsenal said it was the first time the group had done so, calling it a milestone, while declining to identify the weapon used.
Hezbollah also shot down Israeli drones during this conflict using surface-to-air missiles.
The first such incident occurred on October 29, when Hezbollah said for the first time that it had used anti-aircraft weapons it was long believed to have.
Hezbollah has used such missiles several times since then, shooting down Israeli Hermes 450 and Hermes 900 drones.

Hezbollah has repeatedly launched explosive one-way drones, including in some of its more sophisticated attacks. It launched some to distract Israeli air defenses while explosive-laden drones were flown to targets.
More recently, the group has announced attacks that use drones that drop bombs and return to Lebanon rather than fly to their targets.
Hezbollah’s drones include what it says are the locally assembled Ayoub and Mersad models, which analysts say are cheap and relatively easy to produce.

Unguided rockets comprised the bulk of Hezbollah’s missile arsenal in the last war with Israel in 2006, when the group fired about 4,000 of them into Israel – mostly Russian-made Katyusha-style rockets with a range of up to 30 km (19 miles).
Nasrallah said the biggest change in Hezbollah’s arsenal since 2006 is the expansion of its precision guidance systems.
In 2022, he said Hezbollah had the capability in Lebanon to upgrade thousands of rockets with guidance systems to make them precision missiles.
Hezbollah has Iranian designs such as Raad (Arabic for Thunder), Fajr (Dawn) and Zilzal (Quake) missiles, which have a more powerful payload and longer range than Katyushas.
Rockets fired by Hezbollah at Israel during the Gaza conflict in October included Katyushas and Burkan (Volcano) rockets with an explosive charge of 300-500 kg.
Its Iranian-made Falaq 2 missiles it first used on June 8 could carry a larger warhead than the Falaq 1 used in the past.
Alluding to the damage it could do, Nasrallah made a veiled threat in 2016 that Hezbollah could strike ammonia storage tanks in the northern Israeli port city of Haifa, saying the result would be “like a nuclear bomb “.

Hezbollah first proved it possessed anti-ship missiles in 2006 when it hit an Israeli warship 16 km (10 miles) off the coast, killing four Israeli personnel and damaging the ship.
Since the 2006 war, Hezbollah has acquired the Russian-made Yakhont anti-ship missile with a range of 300 km (186 miles), sources familiar with its arsenal say. Hezbollah has not confirmed it has the weapon.
Hezbollah has also released videos it says show more of the same type of anti-ship missile used in 2006.

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